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J Paediatr Child Health. 1993 Oct;29(5):360-2.

Chromosome testing in children with developmental delay in whom the aetiology is not evident clinically.

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1
Tumbatin Developmental Clinic, Prince of Wales Children's Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

A review was carried out to establish the value of chromosome testing in children with significant developmental delay, where the aetiology was not evident clinically. During 1990, 315 children had been assessed at a child development clinic and found to be significantly delayed in one or more areas of development; in 256, the aetiology was not evident clinically. Chromosome testing of these children revealed an abnormality in 10 (3.9%). Thirty children had dysmorphic features; six (20%) of these had an abnormal karyotype. Four (2%) of the 226 who had no dysmorphic features had a chromosome abnormality. One hundred and fifty-five children had intellectual disability; eight (5%) of these had an abnormal karyotype. Two (2%) of 101 who had a specific delay in their development had a chromosome abnormality. The advantages of chromosome testing in children with developmental delay in whom the aetiology is not evident clinically are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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