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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1993 Oct 29;196(2):997-1002.

Altered fibronectin-dependent cell adhesion by PDGF accompanies phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells.

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Center for Adult Diseases, Osaka, Japan.


PDGF promotes growth of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and induces morphological changes. We investigated the effects of PDGF on cell-matrix adhesion of SMCs. PDGF reorganized integrin distribution as well as actin filament structure. PDGF-treated cells attached more loosely to fibronectin than non-treated cells. Decreased expression of alpha-actin by PDGF was antagonized by coating culture dishes with fibronectin but not with vitronectin and laminin. The inhibition of cell adhesion by GRGDSP oligopeptide and anti-fibronectin receptor antibody led to the reduction in alpha-actin expression. These results suggest that PDGF may modulate phenotype of SMCs by altering fibronectin-integrin interaction.

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