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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1993 Nov;92(5):644-50.

Antigen avoidance in a mountain environment: influence on basophil releasability in children with allergic asthma.

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Department of Pediatrics-University of Verona, Italy.



The influence of natural antigen avoidance in an environment free of relevant allergens (Istituto Pio XII, Misurina, Italian Alps, 1756 m) and of antigen exposure (sea level) on basophil releasability, as well as on bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) and specific IgE serum level, were investigated in a group of children with asthma who were allergic to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus.


Twenty allergic children with asthma participated in the study. Spontaneous and antigen-induced histamine release, BHR, and serum IgE were investigated at the time of admission, after 40 and 80 days of antigen avoidance, and after 15 days of exposure at sea level.


Significant drops in antigen-induced basophil histamine release, BHR, and specific IgE serum level but not in spontaneous basophil histamine release were observed after 40 days of antigen avoidance and were confirmed at a further evaluation after 40 more days. After 15 days of antigen exposure at sea level, specific antigen-induced basophil histamine release, BHR, and serum IgE but not spontaneous basophil histamine release increased promptly, even if not significantly.


In children with allergic asthma, antigen-induced basophil releasability, BHR, and specific IgE serum levels appear to be modifiable by periods of antigen avoidance or exposure.

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