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Mol Cell Biol. 1993 Oct;13(10):6572-85.

Mitogenic signalling and substrate specificity of the Flk2/Flt3 receptor tyrosine kinase in fibroblasts and interleukin 3-dependent hematopoietic cells.

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1
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544-1014.

Abstract

Flk2/Flt3 is a recently identified receptor tyrosine kinase expressed in brain, placenta, testis, and primitive hematopoietic cells. The mitogenic signalling potential and biochemical properties of Flk2/Flt3 have been analyzed by using a chimeric receptor composed of the extracellular domain of the human colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor and the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains of murine Flk2/Flt3. We demonstrate that colony-stimulating factor 1 stimulation of the Flk2/Flt3 kinase in transfected NIH 3T3 fibroblasts leads to a transformed phenotype and generates a full proliferative response in the absence of other growth factors. In transfected interleukin 3 (IL-3)-dependent Ba/F3 lymphoid cells, activation of the chimeric receptor can abrogate IL-3 requirement and sustain long-term proliferation. We show that phospholipase C-gamma 1, Ras GTPase-activating protein, the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase, Shc, Grb2, Vav, Fyn, and Src are components of the Flk2/Flt3 signal transduction pathway. In addition, we demonstrate that phospholipase C-gamma 1, the p85 subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase, Shc, Grb2, and Src family tyrosine kinases, but not Ras GTPase-activating protein, Vav, or Nck, physically associate with the Flk2/Flt3 cytoplasmic domain. Cell-type-specific differences in tyrosine phosphorylation of p85 and Shc are observed. A comparative analysis of the Flk2/Flt3 signal cascade with those of the endogenous platelet-derived growth factor and IL-3 receptors indicates that Flk2/Flt3 displays specific substrate preferences. Furthermore, tyrosine phosphorylation of p85 and Shc is similarly affected by totally different growth factors in the same cellular background.

PMID:
7692230
PMCID:
PMC364716
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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