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Cancer Res. 1993 Oct 1;53(19):4528-33.

Inhibition of oxidative stress in HeLa cells by chemopreventive agents.

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1
Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University Medical Center, New York 10016-6451.

Abstract

12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-mediated oxidative stress in HeLa cells and its inhibition were studied by fluorometric measurement of H2O2 and by 3H-postlabeling of the oxidized bases 8-hydroxyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 5-hydroxymethyl-2'-deoxyuridine (HMdU). TPA treatment (10 fmol/cell) caused approximately 7-fold increase in H2O2 levels (0.1 nmol TPA/ml), and 5-10-fold increase in 8-OHdG and HMdU (10 nmol TPA/ml). Naturally occurring compounds [caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), (-).epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (PGG) and sarcophytol A (Sarp A)] and the anticancer drug tamoxifen (TAM) were tested as potential chemopreventive agents. These agents dose-dependently inhibited TPA-induced H2O2, 8-OHdG and HMdU. The doses required for a 50% decrease in H2O2 were approximately 2.5 microM for TAM; 5 microM for CAPE, EGCG and PGG; and 75 microM for Sarp A. TAM and PGG (10 microM), EGCG (25 microM), and CAPE (50 microM) abolished TPA-mediated H2O2 production, even below the normal cellular levels. TAM (2.5-20 microM) decreased TPA-mediated HMdU and 8-OHdG formation 2-29 times. Maximum inhibition occurred at 20 microM TAM, which caused an approximately 95% decline in HMdU and 8-OHdG. CAPE was effective at 0.5-50 microM. CAPE (25 microM) decreased 8-OHdG 95%, and HMdU 58%, while Sarp A (250 microM) reduced 8-OHdG by 93% and HMdU by 78%. EGCG (1-25 microM) and PGG (1-10 microM) inhibited of 8-OHdG and HMdU dose-dependently. However, higher doses (50 and 100 microM) decreased the efficacy of that inhibition. Of those agents tested, TAM appears to be the most and Sarp A the least effective. Our results point to these 5 compounds as being potential chemopreventive agents, which at very low doses decrease the tumor promoter-mediated oxidative processes.

PMID:
7691399
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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