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Biol Pharm Bull. 1993 Jan;16(1):6-10.

Increase in lipoprotein lipase activity in isolated rat adipose tissue by selenate.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Fukuyama University, Hiroshima, Japan.


Sodium selenate (selenate), as well as insulin, increased the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity in isolated rat fat pads in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The increase effect of selenate was not additive to that of insulin. The action of selenate and insulin was decreased by amiloride and disappeared when Ca2+ was omitted from the incubation medium. Loading of a chelator of intracellular Ca2+ to the fat pads also greatly inhibited the action of selenate. The maximal increase in inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) content was observed with a 30-s incubation of the fat pads with selenate. Dibutyryl cyclic AMP, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, tunicamycin, and monensin all inhibited the increase effect of selenate on the LPL activity to various extents. These results suggest that selenate increases the LPL activity via amiloride- and monensin-sensitive processes, involving the Ca2+ mobilization linked to a rapid increase in the IP3 content in fat pads.

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