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Chest. 1993 Sep;104(3):847-53.

Altered leukocyte immunophenotypes in septic shock. Studies of HLA-DR, CD11b, CD14, and IL-2R expression.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center of New York, New York Medical College.

Abstract

To evaluate the role of cellular activation markers and functional surface molecules in sepsis, specific immunophenotypes on peripheral blood leukocytes were studied in 40 subjects consisting of the following: (1) patients with septic shock; (2) patients with sepsis; (3) critically ill nonseptic patients; and (4) normal control subjects. These assays included phagocyte adhesion molecule CD11b expression, monocyte receptors HLA-DR and CD14, and lymphocyte activation markers IL-2R and HLA-DR. Patients with septic shock and sepsis had significantly increased neutrophil CD11b expression compared with normal subjects. Neutrophil HLA-DR expression did not significantly differ between groups. Monocytes from septic shock patients had significantly less HLA-DR expression than normal subjects and there was a trend toward a lower proportion of gated monocytes that expressed CD14 in septic shock patients. Septic shock patients had no significant increases in IL-2R or HLA-DR expression on CD3 lymphocytes compared with control subjects, but they had significantly lower numbers of total, CD3, CD4, and CD8 lymphocytes and a higher prevalence of anergy. Septic shock patients manifested an increase in neutrophil CD11b expression that may play a role in organ injury. In contrast, a more specific decrease in monocyte expression of functional antigens is also observed in patients with septic shock that may have implications for immunologic defense mechanisms.

PMID:
7689946
DOI:
10.1378/chest.104.3.847
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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