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J Neurophysiol. 1993 Jun;69(6):2099-107.

Identification of glutamate receptor subtypes mediating inputs to bipolar cells and ganglion cells in the tiger salamander retina.

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Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.


1. The effects of glutamate receptor agonists and antagonists on bipolar cells and ganglion cells were studied with the use of intracellular and extracellular recording in the superfused, isolated, flat-mounted tiger salamander retina. The goal of the experiments was to correlate glutamate receptor subtypes with their localization at specific synaptic sites in the tiger salamander retina. The drugs tested were the kainate/alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist 3-(C+/-)-2-carboxy-piperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP) and L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (L-AP4). 2. The light responses of hyperpolarizing bipolar cells were suppressed by 20 microM CNQX, whereas L-AP4 had no effect on their light responses. In contrast, 20 microM CNQX had no effect on depolarizing bipolar cells, whereas L-AP4 abolished the light responses of these cells. 3. The light offset responses of OFF and ON-OFF ganglion cells were completely blocked by concentrations of CNQX as low as 5 microM. The light onset responses of ON-OFF ganglion cells were blocked when the concentration of CNQX was raised to 20 microM. In addition, 30 microM CPP partially blocked the light onset responses of ON-OFF ganglion cells but had a lesser effect on the light offset responses. 4. Twenty micromolars of CNQX blocked a transient component, and 20 microM CPP blocked a sustained component of the light response of sustained-ON ganglion cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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