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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1993 Sep;29(3):438-42.

A double-blind evaluation of topical capsaicin in pruritic psoriasis.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109-0314.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Substance P, an undecapeptide neurotransmitter, has been implicated in the pathophysiology of psoriasis and pruritus.

OBJECTIVE:

Safety and efficacy of topical capsaicin, a potent substance P depletor, were evaluated in patients with pruritic psoriasis.

METHODS:

Patients applied capsaicin 0.025% cream (n = 98) or vehicle (n = 99) four times a day for 6 weeks in this double-blind study. Efficacy was based on a physician's global evaluation and a combined psoriasis severity score including scaling, thickness, erythema, and pruritus.

RESULTS:

Capsaicin-treated patients demonstrated significantly greater improvement in global evaluation (p = 0.024 after 4 weeks and p = 0.030 after 6 weeks) and in pruritus relief (p = 0.002 and p = 0.060, respectively), as well as a significantly greater reduction in combined psoriasis severity scores (p = 0.030 and p = 0.036, respectively). The most frequently reported side effect in both treatment groups was a transient burning sensation at application sites.

CONCLUSION:

Topically applied capsaicin effectively treats pruritic psoriasis, a finding that supports a role for substance P in this disorder.

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PMID:
7688774
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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