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J Leukoc Biol. 1993 Jul;54(1):47-55.

Differential surface expression of cell adhesion molecules during granulocyte maturation.

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Department of Pathology, Gade Institute, University of Bergen, Haukeland Hospital, Norway.


Individual steps of granulocyte maturation, such as lineage commitment, proliferation, maturation, and migration from the marrow to the peripheral blood, may be influenced by distinct interactions with the bone marrow stroma. To identify candidates of membrane components involved in maturational stage-specific interactions, we studied changes in the expression of cell adhesion molecules along the granulocyte maturational pathway. Three-color flow cytometric measurements were used to measure levels of cell adhesion molecules along this pathway. The alpha chains of VLA-4 (CD49d) and VLA-5, the integrin beta 1 chain (CD29), and CD31 (PECAM-1) were expressed in high density on all early myeloid cells but down-modulated during postproliferative maturation. CD44 and L-selectin were expressed on CD34+ myeloid progenitor cells and mature granulocytes but down-modulated during the intermediate stages of maturation. The granulocyte receptor for endothelial selectins, sLex, was specifically expressed by myeloid progenitor cells. sLex was down-modulated during the intermediate stages of granulocyte maturation but up-regulated again during terminal maturation. In contrast, CD67, a putative granulocyte adhesion molecule, was negative on progenitors, transiently up-regulated during the intermediate stages of maturation, and almost absent from the surface of mature granulocytes. These results show that each stage of granulocyte maturation is associated with the expression of a unique combination of cell adhesion molecules. L-selectin, CD44, and beta 1 integrins were regulated as previously described for immature lymphopoietic cells and may therefore play general roles in the compartmentalization and development of leukocytes. In contrast, sLex and CD67 were specifically expressed by myeloid cells and could be specifically important for compartmentalization of distinct phases of granulocyte maturation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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