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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1993 Apr;6(4):249-52.

Translocation t(12;22)(q13;q12.2-12.3) in a clear cell sarcoma of tendons and aponeuroses.

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  • 1Cytogenetics Research Laboratory, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York.


Cytogenetic analysis of a short-term culture from a clear cell sarcoma revealed a complex karyotype with the mainline of 49,XY,t(7;18)(p11.2;q21.3), +der(7)t(7;18)(p11.2;q21.3), +8, +der (8;17)(q10;q10),t(12;22)(q13;q12.2-12.3),add(13)(p13). An apparently identical translocation t(12;22) has been described recently in four clear cell sarcomas, indicating that this constitutes a primary cytogenetic change specific for this type of tumor. In our case, the breakpoint on chromosome 22 could be assigned to band 22q12.2 or 22q12.3. Together with the present case, trisomy or tetrasomy 8 has been found in six of nine clear cell sarcomas, suggesting that, as in Ewing's sarcoma and myxoid liposarcoma, trisomy/tetrasomy 8 represents a nonrandom secondary aberration. We conclude that the finding of the specific translocation t(12;22) may prove to be an important marker in the differential diagnosis of clear cell sarcoma from some other soft tissue sarcomas and malignant melanoma.

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