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Chemotherapy. 1993 May-Jun;39(3):203-11.

Antiherpesvirus activity and mode of action of SP-303, a novel plant flavonoid.

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Institute for Antiviral Research, Utah State University, Logan.


SP-303, a natural plant flavonoid polymer of molecular weight 2,100 daltons, was found to have antiviral activity against two strains of type 1 herpes-type simplex virus, including a thymidine-kinase-deficient strain, and a strain of type 2 herpes simplex virus. The 50% effective concentrations (EC50s) were 1-2 microM. Acyclovir, which was run in parallel, had values of 4-28 microM. Surprisingly, the compound was inactive against human cytomegalovirus. SP-303 was also virucidal at 50 microM. Interferon was not induced. The mode of antiviral action of this biopolymer was through inhibition of virus penetration into cells (EC50 = 2.1 +/- 0.2 microM). SP-303 also significantly reduced lesion formation in a mouse vaginal model when applied topically at 5-10%.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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