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J Biol Chem. 1993 May 5;268(13):9246-54.

Binding of mutants of human insulin-like growth factor II to insulin-like growth factor binding proteins 1-6.

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  • 1Growth and Development Section, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


A family of six specific insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulates the biological actions of the insulin-like growth factors, IGF-I and IGF-II. In the present study, we determined the binding affinity of purified human IGFBPs 1-6 for recombinant human IGF-II mutants whose binding to IGF-I, IGF-II/mannose 6-phosphate, and insulin receptors was previously reported (Sakano, K., Enjoh, T., Numata, F., Fujiwara, H., Marumoto, Y., Higashihashi, N., Sato, Y., Perdue, J. F., and Fujita-Yamaguchi, Y. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 20626-20635). Of the regions studied, the most important determinants of IGF-II binding to the IGFBPs were A-domain residues 48-50 and B-domain residue 26. Substitution of residues 48-50 with the analogous residues from human insulin (Thr-Ser-Ile) reduced binding to IGFBP-1, -5, and -6 more than 50-fold and to IGFBP-4 by 15-50-fold; binding to IGFBP-2 and -3 was reduced 6-12-fold. The same substitution markedly reduced binding to the IGF-II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor but not to IGF-I or insulin receptors. Although substitution of residues 54 and 55 with the analogous residues from IGF-I (Arg-Arg) abolished binding to the IGF-II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor, binding to IGFBPs was not substantially affected. Substitution of Phe26 with Ser or Leu, which decreased binding to the IGF-I and insulin receptors, reduced binding to IGFBP-1 and -6 up to 80-fold, but had lesser effects on the other IGFBPs. [Leu27]IGF-II and [Leu43]IGF-II, which had a more markedly reduced affinity for the IGF-I and insulin receptors than did [Ser26]IGF-II, were bound by the IGFBPs with relatively unchanged affinity compared with IGF-II. Thus, the determinants of IGF-II binding to IGFBPs partially overlap those for the IGF-II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor and overlap those for the IGF-I receptor to a lesser extent. IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-6 are most sensitive to changes in IGF-II structure, although IGFBP-1 binds IGF-I and IGF-II with equal affinity, whereas IGFBP-6 has a marked preferential binding affinity for IGF-II. IGF-II mutants with selective impairment in recognition by specific IGFBPs or receptors will provide a useful tool for dissecting the role of the different IGF binding macromolecules in the mediation of IGF-II actions.

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