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Exp Hematol. 1993 Apr;21(4):585-91.

Retroviral-mediated gene transfer into CD34-enriched human peripheral blood stem cells.

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Clinical Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892.


Retroviral-mediated gene transfer has been shown to be a feasible method for the introduction of new genes into bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells. We have investigated the application of this technology to primitive CD34-enriched human peripheral blood cells as a potential alternative stem cell source. Bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) CD34-enriched cells from normal volunteers and patients with multiple myeloma were exposed to retroviral vectors containing the neomycin-resistance gene and gene transfer efficiency into colony-forming unit colonies (CFU-C) and CD34+ cells was assessed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Peripheral blood was a target equally efficient to BM, and PB cells mobilized with chemotherapy and growth factors were also shown to take up retroviral vectors readily. Conditions favoring gene transfer were investigated, and exposure of cells to interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and stem cell factor (SCF) during a 72-hour transduction was found to be most effective. The use of PB stem cells as targets for gene transfer could allow repeated collections and transductions, with obvious advantages over a single BM collection.

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