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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1993;120(3-4):111-7.

Prognosis of intracranial germ cell tumours: effectiveness of chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide (CDDP and VP-16).

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Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University, Japan.


A co-operative study for patients with intracranial germ cell tumours was performed to analyze their prognosis and the effectiveness of Cisplatin/Etoposide (CDDP/VP-16) chemotherapy. A total of 46 patients; 30 primary and 16 recurrent cases were registered from 15 participating neurosurgical institutions in Japan. Based on histological criteria and tumour markers, they were classified into three groups; germinoma, germinoma with syncytiotrophoblastic giant cell (STGC), and non-germinomatous malignant tumour. Sixteen patients were treated with CDDP/VP-16 chemotherapy alone and the other 30 patients were treated by a combination of surgery and/or radiation in addition to chemotherapy. Eleven out of 13 patients (85%) with germinoma showed a complete (n = 10) or partial (n = 1) response to CDDP/VP-16 chemotherapy even if their tumours were recurrent and there was evidence of CSF dissemination. For the germinoma with STGC and non-germinomatous malignant tumour, a high response rate; 100% for the former and 78% for the latter, could also be achieved in both the primary and the recurrent cases except in those cases of immature teratoma. Their survival times were still different between them. Two-year survival was 50% in germinoma with STGC and 48% in non-germinoma, while it was 88% in germinoma cases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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