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J Biol Chem. 1993 Mar 5;268(7):4580-3.

SAP90, a rat presynaptic protein related to the product of the Drosophila tumor suppressor gene dlg-A.

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Center for Molecular Neurobiology, University of Hamburg, Germany.


A novel synapse-associated protein, SAP90, accumulates around the axon hillock of Purkinje cells in rat cerebellum. By immuno-electron microscopy, SAP90 has been localized to the presynaptic termini of basket cells forming inhibitory, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic synapses onto Purkinje cell axon hillocks. The amino acid sequence for SAP90 has been deduced from the nucleotide sequence of a series of overlapping cDNA clones. SAP90 is related to the gene product encoded by the Drosophila tumor suppressor gene dlg-A. SAP90 and the dlg-A product share an overall sequence identity of 54%. Three distinct domains can be identified: (i) a potential cytoskeletal region consisting of three repeats of 90 amino acids in length, (ii) a domain with similarity to SH3, a putative regulatory motif found in the src family of non-receptor protein tyrosine kinases and several proteins associated with the cortical cytoskeleton, and (iii) a carboxyl-terminal domain homologous to yeast guanylate kinase. These features suggest a possible role for SAP90 in a guanine nucleotide-mediated signal transduction pathway at a subset of GABAergic synapses in the rat cerebellum.

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