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Concentration gradients for monoamine metabolites in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid.

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Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry, University of Göteborg, Mölndal Hospital, Sweden.


Concentration gradients in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for the monoamine metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA), 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol (HMPG) were studied in 9 healthy controls and 47 neuropsychiatric patients without diseases causing disturbed CSF circulation. In a serial sampling of the first 24 ml of CSF, steep concentration gradients between the first (0-4th ml) and last (21st-24th ml) portions of CSF were found for HVA (99 +/- 59% increase; p < 0.001) and 5-HIAA (88 +/- 54% increase; p < 0.001), while the concentration gradient was slight for HMPG (11 +/- 7% increase; p < 0.001). The existence of marked concentration gradients for the monoamine metabolites HVA and 5-HIAA gives further evidence for an active transport system for these metabolites and indicates that the lumbar CSF-HVA and 5-HIAA levels reflect the dopamine and serotonin metabolism in the brain. Moreover, the existence of pronounced concentration gradients for HVA and 5-HIAA stresses the importance of making analyses on a standardized volume of CSF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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