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Steroids. 1993 Jan;58(1):4-12.

Characterization and epitope mapping of a new panel of monoclonal antibodies to estradiol receptor.

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Istituto di Patologia Generale e Oncologia, Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Secunda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Italy.


A new panel of monoclonal antibodies to the calf uterus estrogen receptor was prepared. Thirteen antibodies were characterized for their isotype and for the affinity for the antigen. These antibodies recognize the human receptor and can be used in Western blot analysis. The location of the epitopes was mapped on the antigen structure using synthetic fragments of estrogen receptor, and it was possible to group the antibodies in five groups. Many antibodies were useful for the purification of estrogen receptor from tissue extracts by immunoaffinity chromatography. The reciprocal inhibition of the antibodies for the antigen binding was measured with an immunoadsorption assay. This was maximal and symmetrical for antibody pairs within the same group, but was incomplete and, in some instances, asymmetrical between pairs of antibodies from different groups. One antibody was able to inhibit the estrogen receptor-DNA interaction, whereas two others were unable to recognize the receptor-DNA complexes. This new panel of antibodies is a useful addition to the existing tools for studying structure and function of the estrogen receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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