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Stroke. 1993 Feb;24(2):259-64; discussion 265.

Neuropathologic changes in the gerbil brain after chronic hypoperfusion.

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  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Osaka University Medical School, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

An animal model has been developed to elucidate the pathological changes in brain cytoskeletal proteins during chronic hypoperfusion.

METHODS:

Newly designed coiled clips were placed around both carotid arteries of Mongolian gerbils (n = 10) to cause stenosis without occlusion. Those gerbils showing impaired learning ability by the passive avoidance paradigm were killed for neuropathologic study after 12 weeks.

RESULTS:

The brains showed ventricular dilatation, cortical atrophy, and rarefaction of the white matter. Immunoreactivity to anti-microtubule-associated protein 2 antibody in the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus was diminished, indicating dendritic changes of neurons. In the thalamic axonal regions, staining with anti-neurofilament 200K protein antibody was increased, suggesting increased amounts of neurofilament proteins or increased phosphorylation of the protein. Increased immunoreactivity to anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein antibody was observed in a wedge-shaped configuration, corresponding to the border zone of perfusion by small vessels.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that changes in the cytoskeletal proteins in dendrites, axons, and glial cells may cause neuronal death under conditions of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.

PMID:
7678472
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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