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Mutat Res. 1993 Feb;298(4):227-36.

High capacity in vitro micronucleus assay for assessment of chromosome damage: results with quinolone/naphthyridone antibacterials.

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Department of Pathology and Experimental Toxicology, Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Research Division, Warner-Lambert Company, Ann Arbor, MI 48105.


A high capacity in vitro micronucleus assay was developed to evaluate the ability of selected 6-fluorinated quinolone and naphthyridone antibacterial compounds to induce micronuclei (MN) in vitro in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells. Log-phase cells in six-well cluster dishes were exposed for 3 h in the absence of S9 to 34 compounds. After treatment, cells were refed with media containing cytochalasin B, incubated for 16 h, and harvested for cell-cycle kinetics (CCK) and MN analyses. The quinolones tested were grouped according to the substituent at the 8-position. All 4 compounds having a halogen substitution at position 8, five of the six 8-trifluoromethyl quinolones, and all eight 8-methoxy-substituted compounds induced a significant increase in MN. Only 5 of the 10 naphthyridone compounds tested, having a variety of substituents at the 7-position, were inducers of MN and the overall magnitude of the response was less than with the quinolones. The minimum clastogenic concentration for the quinolones ranged from 4 to 400 micrograms/ml and for the naphthyridones this range was from 22.5 to 100 micrograms/ml. In the groups examined, napthyridone compounds were less likely than quinolones to induce in vitro MN, particularly when the substituent at the 7-position in the naphthyridone contains some bulk (methyl groups) around the amine side-chain. Most of the quinolones tested induced MN, irrespective of the substituents at positions 7 or 8.

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