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J Biol Chem. 1993 Jan 5;268(1):719-25.

Quantitative analysis of the human alpha-skeletal actin gene in transgenic mice.

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Muscle Development Unit, Children's Medical Research Institute, Wentworthville, New South Wales, Australia.


Three aspects of the regulation of the human alpha-skeletal actin gene are examined in this study by quantitative analysis of transgenic tissues: level of expression, tissue specificity, and developmental regulation. Previous in vitro and in vivo studies analyzing the 5' end of the gene have indicated that regulation of tissue-specific expression is promoter based. Transgenic mice were produced carrying either a 9.5-kilobase pair (kb) human alpha-skeletal actin gene fragment or a deletion construct with 2.2-kb of 5' sequences of human alpha-skeletal actin linked to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gene. We found that the 9.5-kb transgene was capable of expression in adult skeletal muscle at a level equivalent to that of the endogenous gene in a non-transgenic mouse. The deletion construct was also capable of high-level expression. Both transgenes were expressed in a striated muscle-specific manner and were correctly regulated during development. We conclude that these three parameters of regulation of the human alpha-skeletal actin gene are mediated by sequences within the region -2000 to +239 of the promoter.

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