Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Allergy. 1994 Nov;24(11):1078-83.

House dust mite allergen avoidance: a randomized controlled trial of surface chemical treatment and encasement of bedding.

Author information

Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.


To test the effectiveness of a house dust mite (HDM) allergen avoidance strategy we conducted a randomized controlled trial in 35 atopic subjects with asthma, aged 13 to 60 living in Sydney - a high HDM allergen environment. After a 3 month run-in period, subjects were randomized to active allergen avoidance treatment (n = 17) or placebo (n = 18) groups and followed for 6 months. The active treatment involved placing impermeable covers over the mattress, pillows and duvet and spraying the remaining bedding, as well as the carpets and furniture, with a tannic acid/acaricidal spray. Subjects kept a daily record of symptoms and peak expiratory flow rates and had 3 monthly assessments of lung function and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). Dust samples were collected from the bed, the bedroom floor and the living room floor at 3 monthly intervals and 2 weeks after the treatment. Mean HDM allergen levels at baseline at these sites were, in the active group, 15.5, 9.6 and 10.2 micrograms Der p I/g of fine dust, and, in the placebo group 25.7, 11.8 and 6.3 micrograms/g. Two weeks after the allergen avoidance treatment the HDM allergen level in the beds was reduced to 29% of baseline (95% CI 16-50%, P = 0.038 compared with placebo), but was not significantly different at 3 or 6 months. There was also no significant effect of the allergen avoidance treatment on symptom scores, peak flow variability, lung function or AHR P > 0.1).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

Comment in

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center