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Neurosci Lett. 1995 Jun 9;192(2):89-92.

Rostral ventral medullary surface activity during hypercapnic challenges in awake and anesthetized goats.

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Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine 90095-1763, USA.


Regions within the rostral ventral medullary surface (RVMS) play an important role in cardiorespiratory responses to CO2 during anesthesia. Activity within a RVMS area, in which local cooling elicited marked ventilatory and blood pressure reductions, was measured as 660 nm scattered light changes in 5 goats following 5% CO2 challenges during waking and anesthetic states. During wakefulness, hypercapnia elicited a substantial, short latency transient (1-1.5 min) activity increase, followed by a sustained decrease. Stimulus cessation elicited a large and rapid off-transient activity increase which persisted for approximately 20 min. In contrast, during halothane anesthesia, the initial activation was absent, and the later activity decline and off-response were much reduced. We conclude that biphasic RVMS activity responses emerge to CO2 stimulation, and are state-dependent.

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