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Life Sci. 1995;57(15):1433-40.

Cytotoxic effects of postharvest fungicides, ortho-phenylphenol, thiabendazole and imazalil, on isolated rat hepatocytes.

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Department of Toxicology, Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health, Japan.


The cytotoxic effects of ortho-phenylphenol (OPP), imazalil (IMZ) and thiabendazole (TBZ) on isolated rat hepatocytes were investigated. Addition of IMZ and OPP to hepatocyte suspensions at a concentration of 0.75 mM resulted in acute cell death, accompanied by depletion of intracellular levels of glutathione and protein thiols. Both compounds rapidly depleted cellular ATP which consistently preceded the cell death. In addition, the cell death caused by IMZ was accompanied by the accumulation of intracellular malondialdehyde, indicating initiation of lipid peroxidation. During a 3-hr incubation period, TBZ did not affect these parameters. In mitochondria isolated from rat liver, IMZ and OPP impaired respiration related to oxidative phosphorylation. Based on these results, the order of toxic potency is IMZ > OPP > TBZ.

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