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J Mol Biol. 1995 Sep 15;252(2):227-34.

Association of structural repeats in the alpha-actinin rod domain. Alignment of inter-subunit interactions.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, UK.

Abstract

Fragments of the rod domain of chicken alpha-actinin, which comprises four spectrin-like repeat sequences, have been prepared by expression in Escherichia coli. Electron microscopy reveals that all products containing three or four complete repeats are rod-like. Self-association of fragments was detected by chemical cross-linking and analytical equilibrium sedimentation. The intact rod domain forms a stable dimmer, which does not dissociate measurably in the accessible concentration range. Elimination of either terminal repeat (repeat 1 or repeat 4) greatly diminishes the extent of dimerisation. The fragment comprising repeats 1-3 dimerises appreciably, with an association constant estimated from the sedimentation equilibrium distribution of approximately 5 x 10(5) M-1. The fragment made up of repeats 2-4 dimerises to a small extent, but also forms aggregates at high concentrations. The results are most easily reconciled with an aligned structure for the rod domain in solution, in which repeat 1 associates with repeat 4 of the partnering chain, and repeat 2 with repeat 3, rather than with a staggered structure, in which one of the terminal repeats does not participate in dimerisation. Possible explanations for the apparent difference observed between the alpha-actinin rod structure in solution and in two-dimensional crystalline arrays are examined.

PMID:
7674303
DOI:
10.1006/jmbi.1995.0490
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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