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J Hosp Infect. 1995 Jun;30(2):125-31.

Investigation of a nosocomial outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia in an intensive care unit by random amplification of polymorphic DNA assay.

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Department of Bacteriology, Belfast City Hospital, Northern Ireland.


From July to September 1993 in the intensive care unit of the Royal Victoria Hospital there were 10 cases of pneumonia associated with sputum culture of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The isolates had an identical biotype and pyocine typing profile. The same strain of P. aeruginosa was recovered from the sink plug-hole in two rooms, and the tap handles and ventilator tubing in a third room. All strains were retrospectively typed by the random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD) method using a 26-mer oligonucleotide primer, and were identical in profile. Recommendations to medical and nursing staff included secretion isolation precautions, terminal disinfection after patient discharge, use of disposable vinyl gloves by hospital staff for all body substance contacts, thorough handwashing with 4% chlorhexidine gluconate before and after dealing with all patient contacts, and prompt, appropriate antibiotic treatment for P. aeruginosa pneumonia. RAPD is a simple and effective method to determine the relatedness of P. aeruginosa isolates, and typing results are available within a single working day; thus dramatically increasing its clinical relevance over existing molecular methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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