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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Sep;80(9):2594-8.

Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia associated with mutation in the human Ca(2+)-sensing receptor gene.

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Third Department of Internal Medicine, University of Yamanashi Medical School, Japan.


Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) is generally characterized by lifelong hypercalcemia without hypercalciuria and is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Affected individuals show abnormal parathyroid and renal responses to changes in the extracellular calcium concentration. A Japanese FHH family was screened for mutations in the Ca(2+)-sensing receptor gene by the polymerase chain reaction and single strand conformation polymorphism. The proband with hypercalcemia showed an abnormal pattern in exon 1 of the gene, whereas her two sisters with normocalcemia showed a normal pattern. The consanguineous parents with borderline serum calcium concentrations showed both patterns. Nucleotide sequence analysis identified a G-->C point mutation at nucleotide 118 that resulted in the conversion of the normal codon for proline into a codon for alanine at amino acid 40 (numbered according to the bovine complementary DNA). The proband was homozygous for the mutation, and the parents were heterozygous. These results imply that this mutation in the human Ca(2+)-sensing receptor gene causes FHH and that the dosage of the gene defect determines disease phenotype.

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