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Cell. 1995 Sep 8;82(5):857-67.

Solution structure of the C-terminal core domain of human TFIIB: similarity to cyclin A and interaction with TATA-binding protein.

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Division of Molecular and Structural Biology Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Canada.


TFIIB is an essential component of the machinery that transcribes protein-coding genes. The three-dimensional structure of the human TFIIB core domain (TFIIBc) has been determined using multidimensional heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The molecule consists of two direct repeats that adopt similar alpha-helical folds, conferring pseudo-twofold symmetry. An extensive, central basic surface including an amphipathic alpha helix is critical to the function of TFIIB as a bridge between the TBP-promoter complex and RNA polymerase II and associated general and regulatory transcription factors. Similarities between the TFIIBc and cyclin A folds indicate that elements of the eukaryotic cell cycle control apparatus evolved from more fundamental transcriptional control components, demonstrating a link between the transcription and cell cycle molecular machineries.

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