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J Pediatr Orthop B. 1995;4(2):171-8.

Preliminary results of early open reduction by an anterior approach for congenital dislocation of the hip.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical School of Debrecen, Hungary.


We report the results of 113 early open reductions of congenitally dislocated hips using a technique we have developed. Surgery is followed by functional postoperative treatment with a Pavlik harness or abduction splint. The age of the patients and the follow-up period ranged from 6 to 24 months and 2 to 12 years, respectively. Radiologic results corresponded to Severin grades I and II in 98%. Severe ischemic necrosis was not observed. Secondary surgery (femoral derotation osteotomy and/or Pemberton's operation) was performed in 21% of the cases. Reduction at a young age resulted in fewer secondary procedures. Good results were attributed to postoperative treatment: Abandoning rigid fixation prevented soft tissue stretching, which may endanger blood supply to the joint. This treatment ensures concentric reduction and allows early and spontaneous joint mobilization in a functional position. These factors stimulate further joint development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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