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Mol Mar Biol Biotechnol. 1995 Sep;4(3):224-31.

Evolutionary relations among vertebrate muscle-type lactate dehydrogenases.

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Department of Biology, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA.


Gene duplication has produced two lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isozymes, LDH-A and LDH-B, that are found in essentially all vertebrates. On the basis of the biochemical properties of the LDH-A and LDH-B isozymes, it has been suggested that each locus is orthologous among all vertebrates. However, phylogenetic studies have not supported a common evolutionary history among the LDH-A isozymes, particularly when those from lower vertebrates are examined. We present here the sequence of a muscle-type LDH from Fundulus heteroclitus, a teleost fish for which the LDH-B sequence has been determined and shown to be unrelated phylogenetically to tetrapod LDH-A isozymes. Although the sequence of the teleost muscle LDH shares certain features with the LDH-A of tetrapods, phylogenetic analyses do not support an orthologous relation among the LDH-A isozymes of teleost fish and tetrapod vertebrates.

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