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Biophys J. 1995 Jul;69(1):228-41.

Interaction of the 47-kDa talin fragment and the 32-kDa vinculin fragment with acidic phospholipids: a computer analysis.

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Department of Biophysics, Technical University of Munich, Garching, Germany.


In recent in vitro experiments, it has been demonstrated that the 47-kDa fragment of the talin molecule and the 32-kDa fragment of the vinculin molecule interact with acidic phospholipids. By using a computer analysis method, we determined the hydrophobic and amphipathic stretches of these fragments and, by applying a purpose-written matrix method, we ascertained the molecular amphipathic structure of alpha-helices. Calculations for the 47-kDa mouse talin fragment (residues 1-433; NH2-terminal region) suggest specific interactions of residues 21-39, 287-342, and 385-406 with acidic phospholipids and a general lipid-binding domain for mouse talin (primary amino acid sequence 385-401) and for Dictyostelium talin (primary amino acid sequence 348-364). Calculations for the 32-kDa chicken embryo vinculin fragment (residues 858-1066; COOH-terminal region) and from nematode vinculin alignment indicate for chicken embryo vinculin residues 935-978 and 1020-1040 interactions with acidic phospholipids. Experimental confirmation has been given for vinculin (residues 916-970), and future detailed experimental analyses are now needed to support the remaining computational data.

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