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DNA Cell Biol. 1995 Sep;14(9):759-66.

Wild-type p53 regulates its own transcription in a cell-type specific manner.

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Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


Wild-type (w.t.) p53 acts as a transcriptional regulator that binds to DNA and modulates transcription of several promoters. Wild-type p53 has also been shown to autoregulate its own transcription. There is no agreement, however, on whether w.t. p53 has trans-activates or downregulates its own transcription. To further explore the transcriptional autoregulation of the p53 gene, we analyzed the effect of w.t. p53 on its own promoter in different cell lines that do not express p53. A DNA domain within the human p53 promoter (-48 to -23) with the structure of ATGGGATTGGGGTTTTCCCCTCCCAT shares 8 of 10 nucleotides sequence homology with the p53 binding motif. When the human p53 promoter that included this domain was linked to a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene and coexpressed with w.t. or mutated p53 in cells lacking p53 protein, w.t. p53 down-regulated its own promoter in SAOS-2 and K562 cells, but not in DP15 cells. We were unable to detect direct interaction of p53 with its promoter or to domain -48 to -23 following transfection of these cells with w.t. p53. A different pattern of protein--DNA complexes was observed, however, between the p53 promoter and nuclear extracts from SAOS-2 and DP15 cells following transfection with w.t. p53. These data suggest that w.t. p53 autoregulates its own promoter indirectly and in a cell type-specific manner.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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