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Vet Microbiol. 1995 Apr;44(1):37-48.

Identification of sero-reactive Brucella melitensis cytosoluble proteins which discriminate between antibodies elicited by infection and Rev.1 vaccination in sheep.

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Laboratoire de Pathologie Infectieuse et d'Immunologie, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Nouzilly, France.


Distinction between Brucella melitensis infected and vaccinated sheep is needed to fully achieve ovine brucellosis eradication in several countries. For this purpose, we probed immunoblots of cytosoluble protein extract (CPE) of the rough (R) B. melitensis strain B115 with sera of Brucella-free, naturally infected, B. melitensis H38 experimentally infected and B. melitensis Rev.1 vaccinated sheep to identify immunogenic Brucella cytosoluble proteins which may lead to the development of more useful diagnostic tests and which may eventually differentiate vaccinated sheep from infected sheep. Brucella-free sheep sera showed IgM antibody reactivity to protein bands between 19 and 92 kDa. The use of conjugate specific for sheep IgG avoided non specific reactivity to all these bands except to the 39 and 50 kDa bands which were still detected in some Brucella-free sheep sera. In sera of B. melitensis H38 experimentally infected sheep, a specific IgG antibody response was observed against proteins of molecular masses of 19, 24, 28, 32, 39, 50 and 54 kDa. These proteins were also variably detected by IgG of sera from naturally infected sheep. Other proteins of 10, 12, 23, 36, 38, 42, 46, 68, 80 and 92 kDa were also detected by the latter sera. In sera from B. melitensis Rev.1 vaccinated sheep, an IgG antibody response was only observed against proteins with molecular masses of 39 and 50 kDa. These results suggest that the 19, 24, 28, 32 and 54 kDa proteins (the first recognized after experimental infection and that provoked a consistent humoral response during natural infection) could be interesting to develop serological tests for differentiating B. melitensis infection from B. melitensis Rev.1 vaccination.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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