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J Neurosurg. 1995 Sep;83(3):531-8.

Direct thrombosis of experimental aneurysms with cellulose acetate polymer (CAP): technical aspects, angiographic follow up, and histological study.

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Department of Neurological Surgery, Okayama University Medical School, Japan.


Experimental aneurysms were created using a microsurgical technique to produce anastomosed venous pouches in the bilateral common carotid arteries of 12 dogs. The 24 aneurysms were then thrombosed via an endovascular approach with injection of a cellulose acetate polymer (CAP) solution that the authors have developed for use as a liquid thrombotic material. Angiography performed 1 to 4 weeks after CAP injection revealed complete thrombosis of the aneurysm with patency of the parent artery in 16 aneurysms. Histological analysis disclosed that the aneurysmal orifice in these cases was completely covered with newly formed endothelial cells 2 weeks after CAP thrombosis. Three other aneurysms exhibited parent artery occlusion caused by protrusion of the CAP mass through the aneurysmal orifice into the parent artery; this was thought to be caused by over-injection of the CAP solution. Histological analysis of the remaining five aneurysms, initially shown to have incomplete occlusion, revealed that they each possessed a residual neck that was partially covered with endothelial cells. No rupture of the aneurysms or migration of CAP into the distal arteries was observed. These results suggest that using an endovascular approach, direct thrombosis of cerebral aneurysms with CAP is safe and effective. This technique may prove to be an alternative treatment for such aneurysms. However, there is a potential risk of regrowth or rupture of aneurysms that retain a residual neck and long-term follow-up studies will be required to evaluate this issue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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