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Cell Calcium. 1995 Apr;17(4):239-49.

Rat basophilic leukemia cells as model system for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor IV, a receptor of the type II family: functional comparison and immunological detection.

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Laboratorium voor Fysiologie, KU Leuven, Belgium.


This study concerns the detection and analysis of the highly homologous type II-like inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptors (InsP3R-II, -IV and -V). We have particularly investigated RBL-2H3 cells, which at the mRNA level predominantly expressed InsP3R-IV [De Smedt H. Missiaen L. Parys JB. et al. (1994) Determination of relative amounts of inositol trisphosphate receptor mRNA isoforms by ratio polymerase chain reaction. J. Biol. Chem., 269, 21691-21698]. When measured in identical experimental conditions, microsomes from RBL-2H3 cells were characterized by a much higher InsP3 binding affinity (Kd 3.8 +/- 0.8 nM, Bmax 0.40 +/- 0.08 pmol/mg protein) than microsomes from A7r5 cells (Kd 65 +/- 7 nM, Bmax 0.65 +/- 0.08 pmol/mg protein) or from cerebellum (Kd 135 +/- 14 nM, Bmax 7.35 +/- 1.13 pmol/mg protein). An affinity-purified antibody against the C-terminus of type II-like InsP3Rs detected, after SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting, a 250 kD protein in RBL-2H3 and C3H10T1/2 cells, but not in other cell types. An isoform-specific antibody against the C-terminus of InsP3R-I was used to determine the presence of the various InsP3R-I splice isoforms at the protein level. The 273 kD (brain), 261 kD (peripheral tissues) and 256 kD (Xenopus oocytes) isoforms were recognized. Expression of InsP3R-I in RBL-2H3 cells was very low. Taken together, our results support the hypothesis that InsP3R isoforms may differ to a large extent in their affinity for InsP3 and suggest that RBL-2H3 cells are a useful model for the study of InsP3R-IV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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