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Brain Res. 1995 May 22;680(1-2):142-7.

Perinatal exposure to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) leads to changes in opioid-related behavioral patterns in rats.

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Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, Spain.


Perinatal exposure to cannabinoids has been shown to elicit central nervous system impairment in rodents. This includes changes in monoaminergic and neuropeptidergic activities. We have examined the effect of perinatal exposure to delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) on sensitivity to radiant heat in both male and female rats on days 24, 50 and 70 after birth. Animals used in this experiment were born of mothers that received delta 9-THC (5 mg/kg; p.o.) daily from day 5 of pregnancy until day 24 after offspring birth. delta 9-THC perinatally treated males, but not females, showed higher baseline tail-flick values than controls on days 24 and 50 (Day 24, controls: 3.88 +/- 0.18 s; delta 9-THC group: 4.51 +/- 0.18 s; Day 50, controls: 3.16 +/- 0.17 s; delta 9-THC group: 4.38 +/- 0.38 s). In addition, adult males were found to be tolerant to the analgesic effect of morphine (5 mg/kg; i.p.; % analgesia: controls 71.75 +/- 10.20; delta 9-THC 35.5 +/- 10.59). Moreover, recently weaned pups that received 5 mg/kg of naloxone (i.p.) developed an opioid-like withdrawal syndrome. Taken together all these results suggest that perinatal treatment with delta 9-THC may alter the functionality of the endogenous opioid system, including changes in pain sensitivity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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