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Am J Vet Res. 1995 May;56(5):587-94.

Detection of pseudorabies viral DNA in tonsillar epithelial cells of latently infected pigs.

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Department of Microbiology, Pathology, and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27606, USA.


The Rice strain of pseudorabies virus (PRV) was intranasally instilled in pigs that were seronegative to PRV. Cells were scraped or brushed from tonsillar surfaces biweekly until pigs were euthanatized at either 10 or 16 weeks after infection. The DNA extracted from tonsillar cells or parenchyma were subjected to polymerase chain reaction analysis, using either a single set of oligonucleotide primers or nested primers from the PRV gII glycoprotein gene. Pigs became seropositive to PRV by 3 weeks after infection. The virus was isolated from the trigeminal ganglia and tonsils of pigs that were euthanatized or died 1 to 2 weeks after infection, but not from pigs that were euthanatized 10 or 16 weeks after infection. The PRV gene products were consistently detected in trigeminal ganglia and tonsils of all pigs at 1, 10, and 16 weeks after infection, and sporadically in the nasal mucosa, lymph nodes, and lungs of pigs that were euthanatized or died during the first 2 weeks after infection. Cells collected biweekly from tonsillar surfaces were mostly nucleated, squamous epithelial cells with fewer lymphocytes and neutrophils. Polymerase chain reaction analysis of DNA extracted from these cells revealed PRV DNA in a large proportion of the samples when sufficient cells were collected to provide 1 microgram of extracted DNA for use in the reaction mixtures. A second group of pigs had PRV strain 4892 intranasally instilled. The virus was isolated from tonsillar swab specimens until 3 weeks after infection. Tonsillar brushing specimens were collected biweekly until 14 weeks after infection.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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