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Acta Histochem. 1995 Apr;97(2):203-11.

Selective quantitative analysis of the intensity of immunohistochemical reactions.

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Department of Neuropathology, University of Frankfurt, Germany.


The present study reports a new method for the densitometric measurement of the intensity of immunohistochemical reactions. This method is based on a programm for the Kontron VIDAS image analysis system and has been designed for the measurement of small differences in the relative intensity of immunohistochemical reactions. Immunohistochemistry was performed with the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex and diaminobenzidine-HCl and H2O2 for enzyme visualization. Several methods for shade correction and image processing were elaborated. The study was carried out on gerbil Purkinje cells using monoclonal antibodies raised against calbindin D28k. Prerequesites of correct measurement were standardized preparation, i.e., identical thickness of the paraffin sections, identical performance of immunohistochemistry, and avoidance of any counterstaining. The evaluation of small intensity differences of immunohistochemical reactions was found to be feasible either by substractive shade correction and standardized normalization or by shade correction by division by a reference image and standardized thresholding. Small differences in antigen concentration were not detectable without additional image processing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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