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Phys Med Biol. 1995 Jun;40(6):963-78.

Optical properties of ocular fundus tissues--an in vitro study using the double-integrating-sphere technique and inverse Monte Carlo simulation.

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Klinikum, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Germany.


Various models have been published calculating the light transport at the ocular fundus either for interpretation of in vivo reflectance measurements or for the prediction of photocoagulation effects. All these models took the absorption spectra of the pigments located at the ocular fundus, melanin, haemoglobin, xanthophyll, and the photoreceptor pigments, into account. However, light scattering inside the single fundus layers has not been investigated in detail and was, therefore, neglected in the calculations or only considered by very rough approximations. This paper presents measurements on specimens of retina, retinal pigment epithelium, choroid, and sclera using the double-integrating-sphere technique. Absorption coefficients, scattering coefficients, and anisotropy of scattering were calculated by an inverse Monte Carlo simulation from the measured collimated and diffuse transmittance and diffuse reflectance. Conclusions are drawn for the interpretation of fundus reflectance measurements, which are a useful tool in diagnostics and photocoagulation dosimetry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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