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Mol Immunol. 1995 Jul;32(10):733-42.

Differential expression of novel genes by bone marrow-derived macrophage populations.

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Department of Veterinary PathoBiology, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108, USA.


In the present study, we have constructed a subtraction cDNA library to identify novel genes induced by IFN-gamma in GM-CSF-derived bone marrow macrophage (m phi). M theta were treated with 50 U/ml IFN-gamma for 40, 70 and 140 min to induce expression of early genes regulated by IFN-gamma, and the M phi were pooled. Poly(A)+RNA was prepared from both unactivated and IFN-gamma-stimulated m theta, and cDNA libraries were constructed in lambda ZAP. Genes expressed in common by both m theta populations were removed by subtraction using biotin-avidin precipitation of hybrid complexes. Further selection was performed by differential screening using cDNA prepared from mRNA of unactivated m phi as a probe, followed by colony hybridization to remove sister clones. Of 17 clones from which sequence information was obtained, two appeared to be identical with the murine genes, C10 (clone GM2B1) and Mac-2 (clone GM2C4) and an additional two clones had high similarity to human cDNAs encoding proteins of unknown function. cDNAs containing sequences which did not match published sequences were used to probe Northern blots prepared from both unstimulated and IFN-gamma-activated GM-CSF- and CSF-1-derived m phi. Five clones (GM1A2, GM1B4, GM1F2, GM2A12 and GM2B8) showed enhanced transcript levels following IFN-gamma treatment of GM-CSF-derived m phi, but demonstrated high constitutive transcript levels in CSF-l-derived m phi. In addition, C10 transcripts were constitutively expressed by GM-CSF-derived m phi, but not by CSF-1-derived m phi, even after activation by IFN-gamma. These data suggest that much of the functional heterogeneity of GM-CSF- and CSF-1-derived m phi resides in the differential expression of early genes specifically induced by IFN-gamma.

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