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Diabetes. 1995 Sep;44(9):1126-31.

Both subcutaneously and intravenously administered glucagon-like peptide I are rapidly degraded from the NH2-terminus in type II diabetic patients and in healthy subjects.

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Department of Medical Physiology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


To fate of exogenous glucagon-like peptide I (GLP-I)(7-36) amide was studied in nondiabetic and type II diabetic subjects using a combination of high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), specific radioimmunoassays (RIAs), and a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), whereby intact biologically active GLP-I and its metabolites could be determined. After GLP-I administration, the intact peptide could be measured using an NH2-terminally directed RIA or ELISA, while the difference in concentration between these assays and a COOH-terminal-specific RIA allowed determination of NH2-terminally truncated metabolites. Subcutaneous GLP-I was rapidly degraded in a time-dependent manner, forming a metabolite, which co-eluted on HPLC with GLP-I(9-36) amide and had the same immunoreactive profile. Thirty minutes after subcutaneous GLP-I administration to diabetic patients (n = 8), the metabolite accounted for 88.5 +/- 1.9% of the increase in plasma immunoreactivity determined by the COOH-terminal RIA, which was higher than the levels measured in healthy subjects (78.4 +/- 3.2%; n = 8; P < 0.05). Intravenously infused GLP-I was also extensively degraded, but no significant differences were seen between the two groups. Intact GLP-I accounted for only 19.9 +/- 3.4% of the increase in immunoreactivity measured with the COOH-terminal RIA in normal subjects (n = 8), and 25.0 +/- 4.8% of the increase in diabetic subjects (n = 8), the remainder being the NH2-terminally truncated metabolite.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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