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Lupus. 1995 Jun;4(3):217-20.

Neuropsychological assessment of children and adolescents with systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children, New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA.


Neuropsychological assessments of adults with SLE have shown cognitive impairment, sequential processing deficits, memory loss, increased incidence of left handedness, learning disabilities and emotional distress compared with healthy individuals or subjects with other medical conditions. Neuropsychological testing regarding these variables in children and adolescents with SLE has been infrequently reported. For this study, eight children with SLE (age 9-17 years at diagnosis) were assessed with neuropsychological testing at a median of 10.5 months (range 1 week to 30 months) after diagnosis. Tests included Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised or Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Wide Range Achievement Test-Revised, Standard Binet Intelligence Scale Fourth Edition Memory Subtests or Wechsler Memory Scale (all mean = 100 +/- 15) and Gates MacInitie Reading Comprehension Test, Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist and Achenbach Youth Self Report. Mean intellectual scores were in the low average range (Wechsler Full Scale mean = 85.0 +/- 11.9, Verbal Scale mean 85.2 +/- 13.9, Performance Scale mean = 88.0 +/- 13.9). Academic achievement was globally depressed (reading recognition mean = 79.5 +/- 22.0, spelling mean = 78.9 +/- 23.5), especially in arithmetic (mean = 70.5 +/- 14.9). Children with SLE averaged 5 years behind grade placement in reading comprehension. Visual memory was also depressed in patients with SLE. Behavior ratings failed to demonstrate any significant aberrations in the test subjects.

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