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Blood. 1995 Sep 1;86(5):1954-60.

Anaplastic large cell lymphomas expressing the novel chimeric protein p80NPM/ALK: a distinct clinicopathologic entity.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by the CD30+ large neoplastic cells and sometimes carries a t(2;5)(p23;q35). Recently, we found a novel hyperphosphorylated 80-kD protein tyrosine kinase, p80, in ALCLs with t(2;5). Subsequent cDNA cloning showed p80 to be a fusion protein of two genes, the novel tyrosine kinase gene and the nucleophosmin gene, in accordance with the sequence of the NPM/ALK gene (Morris et al, Science 263:1281, 1994). Meanwhile, the clinicopathologic features of p80-carrying ALCLs have remained unclear. Paraffin sections of 105 cases of ALCL were immunostained using anti-p80 antibody, and 30 of them were shown to express p80. Clinicopathologic comparison between p80-positive and -negative ALCLs showed that p80-positive cases occurred in a far younger patient age group (16.2 +/- 12.9 years; p80-negative cases, 51.0 +/- 22.3 years; P < .0001) and the patients showed a far better 5-year survival rate (79.8%; p80-negative group, 32.9%; P < .01). These data showed that p80-positive ALCL is a distinct entity both clinically and pathogenetically and should be differentiated from p80-negative ALCL.

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