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Anticancer Res. 1995 Jul-Aug;15(4):1429-34.

In vitro anti-invasive effects of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-retinamide on human prostatic adenocarcinoma.

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University of Chicago Hospital, Section of Urology, IL 60637, USA.


Components of malignant invasion, namely cellular adhesion, motility, and proteolytic capability provide potential sites of pharmacological intervention for malignancy. In this study, a series of experiments were performed to examine the effects of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR, Fenretinide) on cellular adhesion, motility and proteolytic activity of established prostate cancer cell lines, TSU-PR 1 and PC-3. Radioadhesion study showed that the treatment of TSU-PR 1 and PC-3 cells with 10(-6) M of 4-HPR resulted in a 32% and 37% reduction (p < 0.05), respectively, in the cellular adhesion to the matrigel extract. Radiomigration assay also demonstrated that 4-HPR concentration of 10(-6) M reduced the cellular motility by 29% in TSU-PR1 and 28% in PC-3 cells (p < 0.05). Spectrolyse PL indirect chromogenic assay revealed an increase in total activatable uPA activity (TSU-PR 1: 25%, PC-3: 32%, P < 0.05), while Spectrolyse UK direct assay demonstrated a mild, but a statistically significant reduction (PC-3: 5%, TSU-PR1: 9%, P < 0.05) in active uPA activity. Northern analysis and ELISA assays showed that 4-HPR at 10(-6) M enhances the expression of type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1). Type IV collagenase western blot analysis and densitometry did not demonstrate suppression of the enzyme secretion, but in fact suggested increased translation of the enzyme when treated with 10(-6) M concentration of fenretinide. The results of this study demonstrate that 4-HPR inhibits in vitro cellular adhesion and motility of human prostate adenocarcinoma cell lines, TSU-PR1 and PC-3. Additionally, uPA and PAI-1 assay results suggest that 4-HPR may impair active uPA's proteolytic activity while upregulating the expression of total activatable uPA and PAI-1. The results of this study therefore support 4-HPR's role as a potential anti-invasive agent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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