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Virus Res. 1995 May;36(2-3):215-31.

Dominance of a single Epstein-Barr virus strain in SCID-mouse tumors induced by injection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy human donors.

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Institute of Oncology, University of Padova, Italy.


Severe Combined Immune Deficiency mouse tumors, induced by inoculating peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 11 healthy human donors (hu-PBMC-SCID tumors), were used to analyse Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) type and strain variations. PCR analysis of EBNA 2- and EBNA 3C-specific sequences showed that EBV type A was present in SCID-mouse tumors induced by PBMC from all donors but one, while, using amplimers for a highly polymorphic region within the latent membrane protein (LMP) coding sequence, 5 different strains could be detected among the samples examined. The same LMP fragment was present in different tumors arising in the same animal, as well as in different mice injected with PBMC from any donor. Compared to B95.8 and AG876 prototype viruses, sequence analysis of LMP variants disclosed a higher homology to the latter, with 33 bp additional repetitions and a few point mutations in specific sites. This study confirms and extends previous data on the presence of a single EBV type and strain in the peripheral blood of most normal healthy subjects using the SCID-mouse system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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