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Percept Psychophys. 1995 Aug;57(6):915-20.

Local and global visual mechanisms underlying individual differences in the rod-and-frame illusion.

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1
University of Rome La Sapienza, Italy.

Abstract

The role of local and global visual mechanisms in individual differences in the rod-and-frame (RF) effect was investigated. Field-dependent observes, selected on the basis of Witkin and Ash's (1948) classical procedure, were submitted to the small RF test (Coren & Holy, 1986). Four frame tilts and two gap sizes were used. As expected, direct effects (i.e., rod settings in the direction of frame tilt) were observed at small degrees of frame tilt, while indirect effects (i.e., rod settings in the direction opposite that of frame tilt) were observed at larger frame tilts. Field-dependent observers showed larger direct effects in the case of the small gap. Indirect effects were comparable in both field-dependent and field-independent subjects, regardless of gap size. Following the model proposed by Wenderoth and Johnstone (1987), these findings indicate that low-level visual mechanisms, responsible for local orientation interactions, have a different gain in field-dependent and field-independent individuals. In contrast, global visual mechanisms, presumably acting by means of long-range mechanisms, do not distinguish between these two subgroups.

PMID:
7651815
DOI:
10.3758/bf03206806
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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