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Mol Gen Genet. 1995 Jul 28;248(2):162-73.

The cpc-2 gene of Neurospora crassa encodes a protein entirely composed of WD-repeat segments that is involved in general amino acid control and female fertility.

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Institut für Angewandte Genetik, Universität Hannover, Germany.


Phenotypic and molecular studies of the mutation U142 indicate that the cpc-2+ gene is required to activate general amino acid control under conditions of amino acid limitation in the vegetative growth phase, and for formation of protoperithecia in preparation for the sexual phase of the life cycle of Neurospora crassa. The cpc-2 gene was cloned by complementation of the cpc-2 mutation in a his-2ts bradytrophic background. Genomic and cDNA sequence analysis indicated a 1636 bp long open reading frame interrupted by four introns. The deduced 316 amino acid polypeptide reveals 70% positional identity over its full length with G-protein beta-subunit-related polypeptides found in humans, rat (RACK1), chicken, tobacco and Chlamydomonas. With the exception of RACK1 the function of these proteins is obscure. All are entirely made up of seven WD-repeats. Expression studies of cpc-2 revealed one abundant transcript in the wild type; in the mutant its level is drastically reduced. In mutant cells transformed with the complementing sequence, the transcript level, enzyme regulation and female fertility are restored. In the wild type the cpc-2 transcript is down-regulated under conditions of amino acid limitation. With cpc-2 a new element involved in general amino acid control has been identified, indicating a function for a WD-repeat protein that belongs to a class that is conserved throughout the evolution of eukaryotes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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