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Lipids. 1995 Jun;30(6):533-9.

Effects of highly hydrogenated soybean oil and cholesterol on plasma, liver cholesterol, and fecal steroids in rats.

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Laboratory of Nutritional Physiology, Osaka City Institute of Public Health and Environmental Sciences, Japan.


We investigated the relationship between dietary highly hydrogenated soybean oil (HSO) and cholesterol transport in rats. In the first study, to examine the effects on cholesterol transport of different concentrations of HSO in dietary oil, rats were given one of the three diets containing 0, 25, or 50% HSO in dietary oil with cholesterol (5 g/kg diet) or a diet without HSO and cholesterol for 22 d. Feeding the high concentration of HSO prevented the increase in plasma total cholesterol, hepatic total lipids, and cholesterol and the decrease in high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, which were caused by dietary cholesterol. Moreover, HSO increased the fecal excretion, fecal lipids, and steroids in a dose-dependent manner. In the second study, to examine the effects on cholesterol transport of redistribution of steric acid in the triacylglycerol species contained in HSO, rats were given one of the six diets containing HSO (distearoylmonoacylglycerol and tristearoylglycerol)-rich, monostearoylglycerol-rich, or palmitic acid-rich oil with/without cholesterol (5 g/kg diet), for 30 d. Whereas the accumulation of cholesterol in the body was reduced, cholesterol excretion was enhanced effectively in rats given the HSO-rich diet compared with rats given the monostearoylglycerol-rich diet. These results suggested that not only the high concentration of stearic acid but also its uneven distribution in HSO-triacylglycerol contributed to the reduction in intestinal cholesterol absorption in rats.

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