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J Immunol. 1995 Sep 1;155(5):2477-86.

Organization, regulatory sequences, and alternatively spliced transcripts of the mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) gene.

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1
Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA 94305, USA.

Abstract

The mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 (MAdCAM-1) is expressed selectively at venular sites of lymphocyte extravasation into mucosal lymphoid tissues and lamina propria, where it directs local lymphocyte trafficking. MAdCAM-1 is a multifunctional type l transmembrane adhesion molecule comprising two distal lg domains involved in alpha 4 beta 7 integrin binding, a mucin-like region able to display L-selectin-binding carbohydrates, and a membrane-proximal lg domain homologous to lgA. We show in this work that the MAdCAM-1 gene is located on chromosome 10 and contains five exons. The signal peptide and each one of the three lg domains are encoded by a distinct exon, whereas the transmembrane, cytoplasmic tail, and 3'-untranslated region of MAdCAM-1 are combined on a single exon. The mucin-like region and the third lg domain are encoded together on exon 4. An alternatively spliced MAdCAM-1 mRNA is identified that lacks the mucin/lgA-homologous exon 4-encoded sequences. This short variant of MAdCAM-1 may be specialized to support alpha 4 beta 7-dependent adhesion strengthening, independent of carbohydrate-presenting function. Sequences 5' of the transcription start site include tandem nuclear factor-kappa B sites; AP-1, AP-2, and signal peptide-1 binding sites; and an estrogen response element. Our findings reinforce the correspondence between the multidomain structure and versatile functions of this vascular addressin, and suggest an additional level of regulation of carbohydrate-presenting capability, and thus of its importance in lectin-mediated vs alpha 4 beta 7-dependent adhesive events in lymphocyte trafficking.

PMID:
7650378
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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