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Hum Genet. 1995 Sep;96(3):301-4.

Screening for mutations in exon 4 of the LDL receptor gene in a German population with severe hypercholesterolemia.

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1
Institut für Klinische Chemie der Universität zu Köln, Germany.

Abstract

A group of 218 patients with severe hypercholesterolemia (LDL cholesterol > 260 mg/dl) living in the Cologne area were screened for mutations in the 3 half of exon 4 of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor gene by the single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) method. The analysed fragment was 242 bp in length and comprised approximately 6% of the coding region. In 11 patients an abnormal SSCP pattern was observed. Two of the abnormal fragment patterns were identical. The results of the SSCP screening could be confirmed by direct DNA sequencing. Three of the ten different mutations were previously described (3 bp deletion: codon 197; Asp200-->Gly; Glu207-->stop). Of the newly identified mutations there were two deletions, two insertions, one combined insertion and deletion mutation and two single base pair substitutions [1 bp deletion: G in codon 197; 37 bp deletion: T in codon 196-208 or AT in 196-207 and GA in codon 208; 18 bp insertion: codon 201-206; 8 bp insertion: codon 155-156 and GA in codon 157; 6 bp insertion (codon 196-197) and 5 bp deletion (codon 199, C in codon 198 and G in codon 198 or 200); Asp200-->Tyr; Asp203-->Val]. The 8-bp insertion was detected in a second unrelated individual. The analysis of the functional consequences of the mutations indicates that all mutations were causative of the LDL cholesterol elevation.

PMID:
7649546
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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